No visit to Egypt is complete without a half day excursion to the Giza Plateau, home to the Great Pyramid, sphinx and the Solar Boat Museum. This most traveled destination lies on the desert’s edge, about 30 minutes from downtown Cairo, and remains one of the most popular tourist attractions in the world.
The Great Pyramid was constructed by Khufu, the second pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty, circa 2589-2566 B.C. Also known as Cheops to the Greeks, this ruler left his legacy in history with the construction of one of the greatest engineering feats known to mankind. Visitors are permitted to climb the interior of the Great Pyramid, on an upward trail of narrow passageways and rock hewn tunnels leading to the burial chamber located halfway up the structure. This attraction, if you wish to enter the structure, is deemed laborious and geared for the physically fit traveler on holidays Egypt. Interior photography is prohibited and strictly enforced.
Nearby stands the majestic sphinx, a half-man, half-lion structure pre-dating the construction of the Great Pyramid. Although there are no interior chambers opened to the public, you may visit the sphinx up-close and personal from its base and are free to take photographs.
A few steps away from the mighty sphinx, lies the Solar Boat Museum, home to the royal barge owned by Pharaoh Khufu. This vessel was accidentally discovered beneath the desert sands in Giza, and proved a valuable source of information about its royal owner and daily life during the pharaoh’s reign. In addition to the ancient ship, visitors may roam the museum for a photographic chronology record of the solar boat’s excavation and observe artifacts directly linked to Egypt’s ancient maritime industry.
The Giza Plateau is conveniently located within minutes of the Giza hotel district, with many of the nearby accommodations offering spectacular views of the monuments. Admission to the attractions in Giza are sold separately for independent travel, or will be combined for a holidays Egypt package deal.